About Electric Vehicles

Speedometer of alternative fuels

As the electric vehicle market grows, we'd like to help you understand this environmentally friendly and energy-efficient technology.

Types of EVs

An electric vehicle uses one or more electric motors for propulsion powered by a battery that stores energy from a 120- or 240-volt outlet.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle – Plug-in hybrid vehicles are similar to hybrid vehicles with the addition of larger batteries that can be recharged by plugging into the grid. It can essentially operate as an electric-only vehicle for 10 to 40 miles beyond which it continues to operate using a gasoline engine. Example: Toyota Prius

Battery electric vehicle – These vehicles run exclusively on rechargeable battery packs and have no internal combustion engine or fuel tank. On a single charge, the typical driving range is around 100 miles. Examples: Nissan Leaf, Tesla

Extended range electric vehicle – These vehicles usually have an all-electric range of 40 miles. After battery depletion, the car uses a gasoline-powered generator that allows for extended range driving, up to 300-plus miles. Example: Chevy Volt



  • No tailpipe emissions
  • Less noise pollution
  • Reduced overall emissions



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